The Supreme Court on Friday declared that its judgment in the case of Aruna Shanbaug is “flawed.”The Constitution Bench was. The case before us is a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution, .. Finally, we have given our opinion in the case of Aruna Shanbaug. Pinki Virani had filed a plea in seeking that Aruna Shanbaug, who lived in a vegetative state for decades after a brutal rape, be allowed.

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However, his brain-stem, which controls the reflective functions of the body, in particular the heart beat, breathing and digestion, continued to operate.

Sanjay Iudgement has subsequently filed an affidavit in this Court which states:. Beneficence is acting in what is or judged to be in patient’s best interest.

Aruna Shanbaug case laid foundation for Euthanasia verdict

The petition in the case brought out several moral and ethical aspects of the issue that had until now been perceived just as medico-legal issues. This is in contrast to many countries such as USA where attempt to suicide is not a crime.

Probably the nerve fibers from Terry Wallis’ cells were severed but the cells themselves remained intact, unlike Terri Schiavo, whose brain cells had died see Terri Schiavo’s case on Google. It is simply that the patient, as he is entitled to do, declines to consent to treatment which might or would have the effect of prolonging his life and the doctor has in accordance with his duties complied with the patient’s wishes.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It may be due to low levels of oxygen in the blood Deep tendon reflexes Reflex response of the fleshy part of certain muscles when its tendon is hit lightly with an examination hammer Dementia Disorder in which there is a cognitive defect, i.

The attack – The Aruna Shanbaug case which changed euthanasia laws in India | The Economic Times

It was observed that Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug Vs. Following the Supreme Court decision rejecting the plea, the nursing staff at the hospital—who had opposed the petition and had been looking after Shanbaug since she had lapsed into a vegetative state—distributed sweets and cut a cake to shxnbaug what they termed her “rebirth”. She could not move her hands or legs, could not talk or perform the basic functions of a human being.


A journalist activist Pinki Virani had filed a plea in seeking that Aruna Shanbaug, who lived in a vegetative state for decades after a brutal rape, be allowed the dignity to die through passive euthanasia. Rather, we wish to express our appreciation of the splendid social spirit she has shown. Shortly after Shanbaug’s death was announced, however, Sohanlal was traced to his father-in-law’s arhna of Parpa in western Uttar Pradeshwhere he was found to be still living, married with a family, and working as a labourer and cleaner in a power station.

Get instant notifications from Economic Times Allow Not now You can switch off notifications anytime using browser settings. This condition is referred to here as the minimally conscious state MCS. This is also in consonance with the doctrine of parens patriae which is a well known principle of law. It is alleged in the writ petition filed by Ms.

EEG The dominant feature is a moderately rhythmic alpha frequency at Hz and microvolts which is widely distributed and is equally prominent both anteriorly and posteriorly. She was able to blink well and could see her doctors who examined her. These were Washington vs. The procedures codified in judgmeent law had been a convention of the Dutch medical community for over twenty years. We are concerned with circumstances in which it may be lawful to withhold from a patient medical treatment or care by means of which his life may be prolonged.

Hence, a present-day understanding of death as the irreversible end of life must imply total brain failure, such that neither breathing, nor circulation is possible any more. Before parting with the case, we would like to express our gratitude to Shannbaug.

However, in its landmark opinion, it allowed passive euthanasia in India. The whole country must learn the meaning of dedication and sacrifice from the KEM hospital staff. The decision in Rathinam’s case supra was, however, overruled by a Constitution Bench decision of this Court in Gian Kaur vs.

Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines. This will alert our moderators to take action. Similarly, if a patient is in coma or on a heart lung machine, withdrawing of the machine will ordinarily result in passive euthanasia.

Physical examination She was conscious, unable to co-operate and appeared to be unaware of her surroundings. I visit her frequently and my last visit to her was on 22nd February, The Court held that the State of New York could validly ban the latter. A file photo of Aruna Shanbaug. Try out our Premium Member services: Andhyarujina differed from the view of the learned Attorney General in that while the latter opposed even passive euthanasia, Mr. In fact we have many laws that penalize people for what they did not do.


This understanding of death emerged from a cardiopulmonary perspective. Anumol played Aruna in the Malayalam film Maram Peyyumbol. Gallery Australia says ‘Happy ‘ as rest of the world awaits New Year. Non voluntary passive euthanasia implies that the person is not in a position to decide for himself e. Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug, and is told that “She was one of us”; “She was a very nice and efficient staff nurse but due to the mishap she is in this bed-ridden state”.

When the incident happened the first imperative was to prevent Anthony from dying, as he would certainly have done in the absence of the steps that were taken. No doubt, his best interests will ordinarily require that he should be placed on a life support system as soon as necessary, if only to make an accurate assessment of his condition and a prognosis for the future.

Miami Children’s Hospital Research Institute. Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug 1 June — 18 Maywas an Indian nurse who was at the centre of attention in a court case on euthanasia after spending 42 years in a vegetative state as a result of sexual assault.

From that day Aruna could survive only on mashed food. The Central Government is directed to arrange for the air travel expenses of all the three doctors as well as their stay in a suitable accommodation at Delhi and also to provide them necessary conveyance and other facilities they require, so that they can appear before us on Thomas1 SCR at page Mr.

The three-doctor panel also reported that the patient was not brain dead and responded to some situations on her own.