Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Renaissance. Library has v. only. Library’s v. 1 has hand-colored ill. prepared as a presentation copy for Gesner who has signed the title page inscription.
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Historiae Animalium was his masterwork, published between and From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gesner was, instead, raised by his great-uncle because of economic hardship of his own family, which, however, might have brought up his interest in natural study, as his great-uncle Frick was passionate about botany.
He was particularly enthusiastic about plant life and fossils, and eventually published 72 works, but was always planning for bigger historiiae better works.
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Historia animalium “History of the Animals”published at Zurich in —58 andis animalikm encyclopedic “inventory of renaissance zoology” by Conrad Gessner — His book was the first to present fossil illustrations so students may more easily recognize objects that cannot be very clearly described in words.
Gesner’s purpose was to present as much information and knowledge as possible in the book so that it could function as an encylopedia that people would look up to consult, instead of being something that would be read from the beginning to the end.
The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy. Gessner, Conrad ; et al. The colored woodcut illustrations were the first real attempts to represent animals in their natural environment. It included Biblical and classical sources, referenced both Pliny and Physiologus, as well as folklore and earlier bestiaries. Retrieved 26 September It is the first book to illustrate fossils. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The rest – the first volume to the fourth volume – were all published during Gesner’s lifetime, between and Gesner was a special child, extremely gifted in learning classical languages.
Retrieved 29 November As a student he had studied classics and language, but afterwards he began traveling and observing the diversity of the natural world. Although monsters are not all not confined to Book IV, the fourth book dedicated to creatures of the sea includes many wonderful scenes of sea serpents and terrifying whale monsters attacking ships and sailors, including one of the most famous images from this work is his woodcut of the Great Orm, a Scandinavian sea monster most likely copied from the Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus.
Under Pope Paul IV it was felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings,  and as Gessner was a Protestantit was added to the Catholic Church’s list of prohibited books.
Gmelig-Nijboer, Caroline Aleid The Meaning of Fossils. University of Chicago Press.
Wonders and the Order of Nature, Wikimedia Commons has media related to Historiae Animalium. The generously illustrated work was so popular that Gessner’s abridgement, Thierbuch “Animal Book”was published in Zurich inand in England Edward Topsell translated and condensed it as a Historie of foure-footed beastes London: Historia animalium libri I-IV.
Sections of each chapter detailed the animal and its attributes, in the tradition of the emblem book. The five volumes of natural history of animals cover more than pages.
He likely used other illustrators as well as himself;  the book is however famous for copying illustrations from other sources, including Durer’s Rhinoceros from a well-known woodcut.
Born in Zurich, Switzerland,Conrad Gesner was not a son of a wealthy family. Gessner’s work included facts in different languages such as the names of the animals. He attended a shool where classical languages were taught, and later on to a school of theological study, which have been a basis of his grand work Historiae Animalium. It also included their uses in medicine and nutrition.
Historia animalium: De quadrupedibus oviparis – Conrad Gessner, Jacob Carronus – Google Books
Library Company of Phil, Steven Essays in Interpretation. It described in detail their daily habits and movements. German books German encyclopedias Encyclopedias of science Zoology books books books books books books s in science s in science in science in science 16th century in science 16th-century encyclopedias 16th-century Latin books.
In his larger works Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions,  and so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indiesthose of animalimu far north and animals brought back from the New World.
Daston, Lorraine ; et al. Topsell, Edward,; Gessner, Konrad; et al. There was extreme religious tension at the time Historia animalium came out.
The Historia animalium is the first modern zoological work that attempts to describe all the animals known, and the first bibliography of natural history ahimalium.